1.1 He bought me a new coat.
1.2 He bought a new coat for me.
2.1 He chose me the coat.
2.2 He chose the coat for me.
Both 1.1 and 1.2 are from OALD, while 2.1 and 2.2 are mine. Can the latter be made and used as the same pattern as the former?
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Both of your sentences are acceptable. However, they are likely to appear in slightly different contexts. Note that with the definite article, the coat, the coat must already have been mentioned or must be defined immediately.
He chose me the coat is unlikely to appear except with an adjunct specifying which coat he chose: He chose me the coat with the fur collar, He chose me the new coat he had promised.
He chose the coat for me will usually appear with an emphasis somewhere in the preposition phrase, either on for (signifying that he chose the coat because I was unwilling or unable to choose for myself) or or me (signifying that the coat was intended for me rather than someone else).
Designating the beneficiary of an action (Indirect Object) with a noun or bare object pronoun before the Direct Object is quite common in casual speech; it is not restricted to those verbs which dictionaries recognize as ‘ditransitive’.
The band played John his favorite song.
If you'll open me this jar of pickled beets I'll fix you a salad.
IT installed us a new app to handle versioning.
The construction is not so common in formal texts, but it is acceptable:
In 1528 [Henry VIII] owned a carcanet with H and K, for himself and Katharine of Aragon, and later Holbein designed him a pendant with H and I for himself and Jane Seymour. —Joan Evans, A History of Jewelry, 1100-1870, 1970.