• One week later Roosevelt embargoed the export of such grades of oil as still were in commercial flow to Japan.

I don't understand this usage of "as". Is it the same as "which"? Or is it the same as "because"? Could you please paraphrase this sentence?

1 Answer 1


We use 'such as' to introduce an example, and this can be done in different ways:

  • I like fruit, such as apples.
  • I like such apples as Granny Smith and Golden Delicious.

In your example, the words have just become a little more separated because of the length of the compound noun 'grades of oil'. It means that the kind of oil grades embargoed were the ones in commercial flow to Japan.

  • I've seen many examples of "such as" followed by nouns, but i n this case, it is followed by a sentence without the subject.
    – kuwabara
    Commented Nov 9, 2022 at 1:12

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