recently i saw a strange sentence about Ronaldo, but I could not understand it's grammer:

Portugal coach 'really didn't like' Ronaldo's reaction to being subbed off

i do not understand why they used to being instead of using to be.

  • 2
    You react to a thing (a noun), not a verb. Dec 7, 2022 at 14:55
  • 1
    So being subbed off was the incident to which Ronaldo reacted badly. Dec 7, 2022 at 16:02

1 Answer 1


In English you react to things. Things are nouns. The phrase "being subbed off" is a gerund, a form of a verb that acts like a noun. It's the noun for the action of subbing someone off.

Note that the "to" is not the infinitive, it's the preposition that indicates what the reaction is about. If we replace the gerund (noun) "being subbed off" with other nouns we get (for example):

Portugal coach 'really didn't like' Ronaldo's reaction to the picture.

The picture is a noun and replaces the noun "being subbed off".

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