In this following context, What does the word ''which'' refer? and does it refer the words ''a preceding congenial state''?

Should I take as '' out of this state it has developed''?

How Should I take this clause?

Please, simplify this to me.

Thanks to All.


According to Buddhism, no organic entity, physical or psychical, can come into existence without a previous cause, i.e. without a preceding congenial state out of which it has developed.

Source: P.12 ''Fundamentals of Buddhism'' by Nyanatiloka Mahåthera

2 Answers 2


The which refers to the preceding congenial state. The author is essentially saying that something can't come out of nothing, and that all things have a source.

  • Thanks @ILEM World. Would you like to simplify this sentence to me ?
    – Sakya Kim
    Jan 6, 2023 at 15:33
  • The statement by Nyanatiloka Mahåthera or my statement?
    – ILEM World
    Jan 6, 2023 at 18:14
  • The statement by Nyanatiloka Mahåthera, please. @ILEM World.
    – Sakya Kim
    Jan 7, 2023 at 4:00

The phrase "out of which" is a common construct used to indicate the origin of something. The phrase "a state out of which it has developed" means the same as "developing out of a state"

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