According to dictionaries, "to infuse A into B" can only be used when A is an emotion or quality.

Below is a definition and example from Cambridge dictionary:

To infuse: To fill someone or something with an emotion or quality

The arrival of a group of friends on Saturday infused new life into the weekend.


Would it be possible to use infuse in a figurative way with things that are not emotions or qualities? Could you provide any examples? Thanks.

  • 1
    No, infused is wrong here. Bond yields go down with inflation but there is nothing automatically "part of the yield". Bond yields can fluctuate based on inflation expectations.
    – Lambie
    Jan 10, 2023 at 16:47

1 Answer 1


I've never seen OP's cited usage before, but the intended meaning is obvious - it means inflation is factored in to bond yields (bond yields are adjusted to take account of inflation expectations).

The literal meaning of OP's infused doesn't look like a very good fit to me, but allowed for / adjusted for are perfectly natural alternatives for this context.

  • A bit like 'baked in'? Jan 10, 2023 at 18:35
  • @MichaelHarvey: I did think a bit about baked in while composing my answer (partly because I was having trouble calling to mind the idiomatic standard for the context, factored in, and that one kept popping up like an earworm! :). But there might be a semantic difference too. I feel like baked in implies "arises naturally in the cited context", whereas this one has to be explicitly taken account of. Jan 10, 2023 at 18:57
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    @deviza: the intended meaning is obvious, as per my answer text. Stylistically, neither me nor Michael think much of it, but you're welcome to use it if you do like it (there should never be a problem with being understood). I must say I think it's a mistake to use any such "poetical expressions" in something described as a "report". But that's just "style advice" - you can take it or leave it. Jan 11, 2023 at 13:57
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    Whatever - your continued follow-ups here have merely convinced me the question itself is Off Topic "writing advice" (a matter of opinion, with no one-and-only "correct" answer possible). Jan 11, 2023 at 14:01
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    I originally chose to interpret the question as asking something along the lines of If my suggested phrasing isn't natural / common, what is the most common usage for the context? A question to which in my mind there's one expression that's idiomatically head and shoulders above all others - factored in. You need a good reason to use anything else. Jan 11, 2023 at 14:14

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