The 95 Theses were written in 1517 and by 1521 [Martin] Luther had developed these ideas and burned the Book of Canon Law and the Papal Bull Exsurge Dominie. Four years in the C20* would be considered relatively quick for the weakening of an established order. The end of the Eastern Bloc did not happen overnight. In the C16* such an occurrence was all but unheard of. However, on closer analysis, arguments against this approach can be forwarded.
21 The reference to the ‘end of the Eastern Bloc’ is used to suggest that:
(a) The upheaval of the Catholic Church in the 16th century occurred quickly
(b) The upheaval of the Catholic Church in the 16th century occurred slowly
(c) The collapse of the two regimes was similar
(d) The collapse of the two regimes was different
(e) Revolutions never happen quickly
(a) CORRECT. The reference to the end of the Eastern Bloc is preceded by the
statement that: ‘Four years in the C20 would be considered relatively quick for
the weakening of an established order’. The end of the Eastern Bloc is used as
an example of that fact and a comparison is made to what was achieved in four
years in the 16th century.
(b) INCORRECT. See (a).
(c) INCORRECT. No comparison is made of the two regimes.
(d) INCORRECT. See (c).
(e) INCORRECT. Nowhere is it suggested that revolutions do not happen quickly. In fact, the defi nition of ‘revolutionary’ in the fi rst paragraph suggests the opposite.
I answered (b), so am shocked by my polarly wrong answer? The sentence before the bolded implies that even '4 years ... would be considered relatively quick,' so the (predicate) 'did not happen overnight' sounded sarcastic to me. I thought that if even 'four years ... relatively quick,' then the end of the Bloc certainly wouldn't 'happen overnight', and would need at least '...4 years.'
*C20 = 20th century, C16 = 16th century