I know this is a very, very simple question. I went googling by myself, but I'm unsure what the proper keyword for this question would be. I only know "ed/d" is suffix for regular verbs like “added” or “matched”.

I often see this “ed/d” suffix in articles I read, but I only remember these other examples:

  • I'm confused.
  • I'm motivated.
  • is it not something to do with the physical state you're in (i.e. state of confusion. not state of confuse, state of motivation, not state of motivate)
    – jbutler483
    Sep 11, 2014 at 12:37
  • I recommend reading the posthttp://ell.stackexchange.com/questions/33174/the-word-spoken-as-an-adjective
    – rogermue
    Sep 11, 2014 at 12:53
  • Thanks for the link @rogermue , I will try to search more detail about "convert verb to adjective" keyword,Thanks.
    – mockie
    Sep 11, 2014 at 13:09
  • 1
    This is no conversion from one word class to another. It is the double nature of participles that they are verb forms that can also be used as adjectives. Your key word should be "participles".
    – rogermue
    Sep 11, 2014 at 14:26
  • hmm okay, I will read about adjective tutorial and how to apply it in sentences.
    – mockie
    Sep 11, 2014 at 14:40

2 Answers 2


In this case, what you're looking at is known as a participle, and is used when you want to turn a verb into an adjective.

There are two types of participles:

  • The Past Participle (usually ending -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n)
  • The Present Participle (ending -ing)

Here, motivated is the past participle of the verb motivate, and is being used as an adjective to describe yourself.

Click here to read a more detailed explanation of past and present participles.

  • "Motivated" is an adjective for "Yourself" and in this case "motivated" is used to describing more about yourself ( noun )? Am i right ?
    – mockie
    Sep 11, 2014 at 16:32
  • @mockie Yes, you are right!
    – Egghead99
    Sep 11, 2014 at 17:11

'-ed' adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ed are used to describe how people feel:

  • He was surprised to find that he had been upgraded to first class.
  • I was confused by the findings of the report.
  • She felt tired after working hard all day.

'-ing' adjectives

Adjectives that end in -ing are used to describe things and situations. Compare these example sentences to the ones above:

  • Being upgraded to first class is surprising.
  • The findings of this report are confusing.
  • Working hard all day is tiring.'

I got this answer from : http://www.ecenglish.com/learnenglish/ed-and-ing-adjectives-describing-feelings-and-things/

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