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I would be grateful if someone could answer me what parts of speech the following words are labeled: "more" in each of A1-A5; "than" in all of A1-A5; the first and second "as" in B1-B5; and "many/much" in B4 and B5.

(A) Inequalities:

  • (A1) X is more stupid than Y.
  • (A2) X does things more stupidly than Y.
  • (A3) X does more things than Y.
  • (A4) X does more (of the things) than Y.
  • (A5) X is done more than Y.

(B) Equalities:

  • (B1) X is as stupid as Y.
  • (B2) X does things as stupidly as Y.
  • (B3) X does as many things as Y.
  • (B4) X does as many (of the things) as Y.
  • (B5) X is done as much as Y.

I accept that there may be differences of opinion on how these words are labeled. I would be more grateful if the answer was supported by a reference. I have no desire to argue about what difference it makes to label parts of speech as such.

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    Have you looked in a dictionary? You could start with than.
    – Stuart F
    Feb 21, 2023 at 0:10
  • Go luck up comparative forms with as ...as and more ...than.
    – Lambie
    Mar 26, 2023 at 18:42

2 Answers 2

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  • "More" in A1, A2 and A5 are adverbs.
  • "More" in A3 and A4 are, I believe, determiner and pronoun, respectively (although POS tagging online tags them as adverbs).
  • "Than" in A1-A5 are prepositions.
  • The first "as" in A1-A5 are adverbs; the second "as" in A1-A5 are either prepositions (or possibly subordinating conjunctions).
  • "Many" in B3 and B4 and "much" in B5 are, I believe, determiner and pronoun, respectively (although POS tagging online tags them as adjectives).
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more x than is a comparative. as many/much than y is also a comparative.

There are comparative adjectives (more things than) and adverbs (done more than or as much as). as..as are for things that are equal.

The first is when one thing is more than another. The other is when two things are the same or are not the same as each other.

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