Passage: p 154, Mastering the National Admissions Test for Law by Mark Shepherd
= Consider only 'The civil society puzzle' & only the 1st para under 'Civil society – gaining some clarity'.
Question 41, p.155:
Which of the following aims could be inferred to be the least controversial
inclusion in a defi nition of civil society?
(a) Reducing state intervention in politics
(b) Reducing conflict
(c) Improving the quality of a particular society (d) Promoting democracy (e) Increasing individual freedom
From the answer key, p.242: (a) INCORRECT. Although Cato appears to support this view, other defi nitions
are put forward which state the opposite, suggesting that this would be a
(b) INCORRECT. Reducing conflict is implicit in some, but not all, defi nitions, as is the idea of promoting democracy. These are, however, relatively specifi c ideas and are not consistent with an all- encompassing defi nition.
(c) CORRECT. The majority of conceptions of civil society are implied to promote various ideals or benefits for that society, and few would suggest that improving the quality of society was not a widely accepted aim.
(d) INCORRECT. See (b).
(e) INCORRECT. Increasing individual freedom will again be an aim championed by the followers of some ideologies, but will be opposed by others and is likely to be controversial at least to some extent.
Why are the wrong answers wrong? The answer key doesn't quote from the passages, to show which definition(s) helps and opposes a choice. Since this is a hard passage for me, I'm struggling to find them myself. For example, what definition(s) oppose(s) (a), (b), (d), (e)?
Are choices (d) and (e) the same? If so, then a cheap trick is to eliminate them both instantly?