Volunteers rated the toffee eaten during low-pitched music as more bitter than that consumed during the high-pitched rendition.

I have been known many examples of "as",but all are compared to the same degree.
Is it possible that "as" can be used in a sentence that uses a different compared degree?
or is it just a typo of "is"?
it seems to make sense if I replace "as" with "is".

1 Answer 1


It is not a typo. This meaning of as is probably best defined as "in a particular way or form". They rated the toffee in some way; in what way? as being more bitter (etc.) As is the the idiomatic conjunction used with to rate, and you can find many examples of this phrasing.

"Volunteers rated [it] is more bitter" does not actually make sense here. Firstly, it does not match the tense of the sentence: it begins "Volunteers rated..." so this sentence is in the past tense, but is is in the present tense. Secondly, that's just not an idiomatic phrasing with to rate. We could say "I thought it was more bitter", but "I rated it was more bitter" is not idiomatic.

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