From the BBC Grandma with Alzheimer
"A pensioner with Alzheimer's faces being split from her family and deported to the UK from Sweden, after nearly two decades in the country."
"A pensioner..." I understand that this person has worked and then retired, but then I wonder why the BBC would want to emphasize her official occupational state, because the news is about an old lady being deported, regardless she is retired or not.
Then I thought maybe "a pensioner" means simply “an old person who is retired” But when I looked it up, Cambridge Dictionary says:
"an amount of money paid regularly by the government or a private company to a person who does not work any more because they are too old or have become ill."*
Then I understand that pensioners must be the same as retired people.
Then “old age pension” caught my attention. I looked it up too. For old age pension Cambridge Dictionary says:
“a pension that is paid by the state to people who have stopped working because they have reached a particular age.”
So I understand these people are actually pensioners, in other words they are retired people, and the reason for which they retired is that they are too old to continue working. So, they must still count as retired, mustn't they? But then, why use another term for the money that they get, which is old age pension, instead of simply a pension.
Another term is senior citizen for a person who receives an old age pension. Collins Dictionary says:
A senior citizen is an older person who has retired or receives an old age pension.
As you see, the dictionary calls the retired people or people who receive old age pension as senior citizen not a pensioner. So, I wonder what about a person who is not getting any money? Do they not count as a senior citizen?
I think all of these terms somehow overlap. So, I need to clarify my questions:
Are "pension" and "old age pension" not the same thing?
If they are the same, why different names?
If they are not the same thing, what are those who get "old age pension" called? Are they still called "a pensioner" or "an old age pensioner"?
In English, if a person says, “I am a pensioner”, does it mean I am a retired person and I am getting paid every month. or does it mean I am not retired, but I am not working either, but I am still being paid for some other reasons other than getting retired (poor, disabled, etc).