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Some people use the term "college" instead of "university". Are they referring to a different type of university?

  • It's primarily opinion based because you'll never come to a conclusion. If someone says that it's a college, I'd challenge that as a university, and vice versa. In short, it depends from a country to country. In India, it's always a college and never university. One University will have different colleges under it. For instance, this university will have more than one college under its hood. – Maulik V Aug 6 '18 at 15:27
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    But that's not opinion, that's just a matter of different facts for different places. It doesn't make sense to close this question as opinion based. – snailplane Aug 6 '18 at 15:50
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The difference between college and university is everything or nothing, depending on where you are in the world. There are a number of threads on the matter at EL&U, for example “In college” versus “at college” versus “at university”, “When I was in college…” Do you really mean college? Or university? and University vs college vs academy vs institute vs community college.

In different countries, they may refer to different types of institutions or different levels of education, or may be alternative names for the same type of institution or level of education.

University is reasonably universal in referring to a postsecondary institution which grants academic degrees in a diversity of subjects. College, on the other hand is considerably more diverse in its usage. In the U.S. alone, an institution called a college may be a secondary school, a two-year tertiary institution, a four-year undergraduate institution, a unit within a university (whether academic or physical/architectural), or a university itself— or, the common name for tertiary education in general, or a building or campus.

So, the answer truly depends entirely on context.

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  • Well, it's true that "college" has uses other than as an institution of higher learning -- the "college of surgeons", the "electoral college", etc. But I think that's getting off the track of the question. – Jay Sep 16 '14 at 21:17
  • @Jay: Doesn't matter. There are so many different specifically institution of higher learning meanings for both college and university that this answer is the right one anyway. – Drew Sep 16 '14 at 21:43
  • @Jay Americans will understand a student in college to be an undergraduate. My point is that to say you're a student enrolled in a college is not as meaningful, because UEI College, Pierce College, Dartmouth College, Girard College, Kepler College, Columbian College, Georgia Military College and so on are such radically different types of institutions. And that is just in the U.S. – choster Sep 16 '14 at 22:13
  • The question appears to refer to English people rather than English speakers. If that is the case then the answer provided by Minty is more accurate. – James Snell Sep 17 '14 at 14:29
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In the US, "university" has a slight connotation of a higher-prestige institution than a "college". This connotation is not always respected by people creating new schools. For example the "University of Pheonix" is not a higher-prestige school than Dartmouth College.

You can substitute "college" for an unknown institution that might be either a college or universtiy, but not the other way around. For example, you'd typically say "After high school, I'm going to college" and not "...going to university".

Also, within the organization of a school there is a distinction in that a university can be made up of subsidiary schools that are called colleges. For example, the University of Illinois contains a College of Engineering, a College of Letters and Sciences, etc.

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  • Cornell University uses the words the same way as U of I: The university comprises multiple colleges. This is just one way of defining the two, however. – Drew Sep 16 '14 at 21:44
  • I believe the "University is a collection of colleges" is the more historical usage, with institutions like Oxford and Bologna existing for nearly a thousand years and being organized into multiple colleges (well, Bologna calls them schools, but this is simply translation). – corsiKa Sep 17 '14 at 16:31
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From my experience, a University is a collection of Colleges. I went to Lehigh University, which is composed of three (at the time) colleges: A business college, an engineering college, and the arts/sciences college. Each one is it's own degree granting institution. I think this is the majority of cases.

There are some exceptions to this, such as Dartmouth College which is technically a University since it is comprised of other sub-colleges (Tuck School of Business, Geisel Medical School, and Thayer Engineering). While they agree with my said definition, they opt to keep their "College" name for traditional reasons.

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  • The sub-units may also be known as schools, faculties, institutes, or divisions among others. – choster Sep 16 '14 at 18:08
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In the UK, "college" generally refers to a place of further education. That is, institutions of learning or training that you can go to after compulsory secondary education, but distinct from universities which are classed as higher education.

A further education college can be somewhere that offers vocational qualifications needed for a particular job or trade. They may offer more specialist or technical fields than are available at secondary education, e.g. an agricultural or technical college. They can also offer adult (post school-leaver) education for people who want to brush up on their skills, perhaps learn a new language, or take a course in a subject that wasn't available when they were at school. Or they can offer a means for those who need to obtain - or improve on - a qualification that they failed to get a satisfactory grade in, when they were in secondary school. Not all secondary schools in the UK offer A-level qualifications ("Advanced Level" or "Advanced Higher" in Scotland). In this case, school-leavers can attend a Sixth Form College to study for A-levels.

A UK further education (college) can be used as an alternative to higher education (university) for those who don't need to study for a graduate degree, don't wish to go that far, or don't currently have the required qualifications to get into university. It can also be used as a stepping stone to obtain an intermediate qualification, as a means of getting into university.

"College" can also be used to refer to a sub-division of a university in the UK (usually in the older, more prestigious institutions), although "school", "department", or "faculty" are more commonly used in this sense.

Sideline note: Sixth Form refers to the old school year numbering over here where the first year at secondary school was year 1 (1st Form), 5th year was the end of compulsory education and 6th Form (years 6-7, lower sixth and upper sixth) were optional advanced secondary education (usually as a precursor for going to university after.) The numbering system has changed since I was at school, as have the number of years of compulsory education.

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  • I'd like to add that where college is not used in reference to an FE/6th form College it is usually referred to more specifically unless the context is very clear. Many schools have renamed themselves as colleges but are still often referred to as school. – James Snell Sep 17 '14 at 14:25
  • Regarding "sub-divison" paragraph: College is not on par with school/dept/faculty. The latter are used as in "~ of Engineering". I have never heard 'College' used in this sense, rather, a cross-discipline entity providing accommodation, tutorials, and the like. Tangentially, 'department' is usually a sub-division of 'Faculty'. e.g. 'Department of Mechanical Engineering, in the Engineering Faculty'. 'School' is occasionally used at the same level as 'Faculty'. – OJFord Sep 17 '14 at 16:29
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In American usage, a "college" gives bachelor degrees, i.e. 4-year degrees. A "university" can give bachelor degrees but also masters degrees and doctorates, i.e. degrees that require more than 4 years.

I understand that British usage is different, that in Britain colleges are subdivisions of a university or something like that. Can someone knowledgeable about British usage chime in?

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  • I don't know why people keep spreading this misconception. Some U.S. state educational systems may distinguish between a "state college" (often the successors to "normal schools") and a "state university," but in practical terms there is no major distinction among four-year institutions with college, university, institute, or academy in their names. Plenty of "colleges" offer graduate degrees; many of the well-known colleges are indistinguishable from universities, and indeed larger in enrollment and program offerings than some universities. – choster Sep 16 '14 at 17:09
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    Well, if there's no actual law or regulation about it, then I guess there might be many institutions that don't follow the convention. The school I went to changed its name from "college" to "university" when they started giving masters degrees, and I've seen this rule followed by other institutions. The American Heritage Dictionary gives this distinction in its definitions of the two. I can't say what percentage of institutions do or don't follow this. – Jay Sep 16 '14 at 17:50
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In the US (and many western countries) a university is an umbrella for several colleges. So within a university there would be a college of science, college of math, etc.

In the US you attend college (not university). The word university is used in the name of each school (i.e. New York University), but the word college is used when speaking in generic terms. For example,

"I would like to major in English in college",

or

"He is a college graduate"

are good examples where college should be used. As said before, the only time University is used is when referring to a school by its proper name

"I attended Harvard University for undergrad"

is a good example.

Also, if you get a Ph.D. or an associates degree(2 year degree), you are still a college graduate. If you have a Ph.D. you can use the title doctor. Otherwise, there is no way to determine what kind of degree you have, or the prestige of the granting institution without explicitly asking for the proper name.

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In the US, most standalone colleges (for lack of a better word, I mean those not a division within a university) do not offer graduate programs where students can obtain an advanced degree (Masters, Doctorate, Law). For advanced degrees, one goes to a university after receiving the undergraduate degree. Most universities offer both undergraduate degree programs and graduate degree programs.

In Britain one might say, "When I was at university...". That locution —at university— is not widely used in the US; it is regarded as a Britishism. Instead, we say "When I was an undergrad" or "...in school" or "...in college" or "... at Harvard" or "... at UCLA" .

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  • I think that's like Farage's case who was educated at Dulwich College, an independent school and on leaving school, he decided not to go to university, but to work in the City. – Lucian Sava Aug 30 '16 at 22:55
  • @Lucian Sava. In the US, college-age students are 18-22, on average. Dulwich is a school for boys and teens. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Aug 30 '16 at 23:11

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