She will be up at night studying.

Should I understand the sentence above like

"She will be up studying at night." or

should I understand that like

"She will be up for night studying."

My guess is that 'studying' is a present participle and not a gerund.

1 Answer 1


You're right, "studying" is a participle there, not a noun. It's in the future continuous [ "will be" + present participle ].

"Night studying" isn't a compound noun here because "at night" is an adverbial of time, unconnected to "studying".

Your first re-written sentence has the same meaning as the original.

  • 'at' is a preposition and after that noun or gerund can come in the light of grammar. That is, 'studying' is a gerund.
    – gomadeng
    May 30 at 19:44
  • No, the word after "at" is "night", not "studying". "Studying" goes with "will be" to form the future continuous. It's a present participle, not a gerund.
    – gotube
    May 30 at 22:49
  • Will can also refer to a habit as well as the future. May 31 at 12:45
  • @gotube the reason why I told you the 'studying' is a gerund was that why 'night studying' itself can't form a compound noun.
    – gomadeng
    May 31 at 14:58
  • @gomadeng That would mean "studying" is not a gerund. A gerund is a noun. This verb is clearly a verb, and not a noun.
    – gotube
    May 31 at 15:19

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .