Generally English words in other parts of speech can be formed by adding suffixes to words. For example the -er suffix can be added to many (not all) verbs to produce an agent noun. Build -> Builder, for example.
Sometimes the suffix is changed for example lenient <--> lenience. Many (but not all) adjectives ending in -ient have a related noun ending in -ience.
You can check if a particular word has has any words that can be formed from it by adding a suffix by checking a dictionary. For example looking in a dictionary at "build", the next two words are "buildable" and "builder" (I'm using Cambridge dictionary, but any would do) And these are indeed two words that have been formed from "build" by adding suffixes.
Various websites have lists of suffixes. For example https://www.learnthat.org/pages/view/suffix.html. But be careful as not every combination of a word+suffix is natural English, or has the expected meaning. For example "patience" has a predictable related adjective "patient", but that adjective is also used as a noun (meaning a person receiving medical treatment), with a meaning that you wouldn't predict.