The original text is :

At long last, here is the thoroughly revised and updated, and long-anticipated, third edition of the hugely successful The Art of Electronics. Widely accepted as the best single authoritative text and reference on electronic circuit design, both analog and digital, the first two editions were translated into eight languages, and sold more than a million copies worldwide. The art of electronics is explained by stressing the methods actually used by circuit designers – a combination of some basic laws, rules of thumb, and a nonmathematical treatment that encourages understanding why and how a circuit works.

I found "thoroughly" have two meaning at Cambridge Dictionary . One meaning as "VERY MUCH" is "completely, very much", the meaning of "completely" is "in every way or as much as possible" at Cambridge Dictionary , other meaning as "CAREFULLY" is "in a detailed and careful way". It seems that both meanings are appropriate.

So which meaning should I adopt ? "completely" or "carefully" ? Thank you.

  • 1
    The carefully sense is just by extension from the true literal meaning completely (in practice, a thorough analysis and a careful analysis would normally be pretty much the same thing anyway; no-one would be interested in differentiating the two). You can identify that literal basic meaning by considering the etymology, whereby through (end-to-end, from one side to the other) leads to the specific variant thorough (complete, all the way through, nothing missing). Commented Jul 8, 2023 at 1:51
  • @FumbleFingers Based on your description, it seems that the word "completely" is more in line with the intended meaning. I know, thank you.
    – Tom
    Commented Jul 8, 2023 at 2:02
  • @FumbleFingers Isn't that an answer? (If you make it one, I'll upvote it!) Commented Jul 8, 2023 at 4:15
  • @FumbleFingers I'll also upvote it and accept it. Please make it to a answer, thank you very much.
    – Tom
    Commented Jul 8, 2023 at 4:16

1 Answer 1


Completely and carefully! The two senses are strongly related, since if you completely revise something, you must do it carefully (or you will miss something). Both senses apply here

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