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Jerry kicked the door open.

1st verb-kick 2nd verb-open

Why there are two verbs?

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    Does this answer your question? "The front door slid open" grammar explanation
    – ColleenV
    Jul 17, 2023 at 21:56
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    @ColleenV: I initially copied your vtc, but after comparing the answers there and here I've retracted it. Shame about the downvote for the question - I'm sure it's a confusing area for many learners - I suspect particularly so for speakers of non Franco-Germanic languages. Jul 17, 2023 at 23:06
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    @FumbleFingers I agree this is confusing for learners… and probably some native speakers too if you asked them to parse the sentence grammatically. I know we have a good duplicate target for this one, I just couldn’t find it. I can understand why someone downvoted it… the question doesn’t demonstrate much effort. I don’t know how a learner would search for an answer though. I know the answer and can’t find it lol.
    – ColleenV
    Jul 17, 2023 at 23:35
  • This may be a better duplicate target: ell.stackexchange.com/q/78790/9161
    – ColleenV
    Jul 17, 2023 at 23:41
  • @ColleenV: I think that's a much better dup! Well - it's got good answers, anyway. But because I've already vtc'd and retracted, I can't vtc again. Darth's answer here is also good, though, and I think it's a shame the system doesn't automatically allow for links on the surviving Question to at least good Answers posted against other questions subsequently closed in favour of that survivor. Jul 18, 2023 at 11:08

1 Answer 1

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In this case, open isn't a verb, it's an adjective. "The door is open" is like "the door is green", it's describing the state of the door, not an action.

"Jerry kicked the door open" is like "Jerry painted the door green". The adjective is the new state and the verb is how it got there.

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  • "Opened " vs"Open" How both can be adjective? "Green" might be adjective &complete the meaning of the verb "painted", but how a action word (open) can be used as complement.
    – Sam
    Jul 18, 2023 at 3:44
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    "Jerry kicked the door into an open position." (We wouldn't say that, but open describes the state of the door after the kick.) Jul 18, 2023 at 8:28
  • @Sam As a native english speaker, I would never say "Jerry kicked the door opened". That's not grammatical. I can't think of any context where "opened" would be an adjective; it's always a past-tense verb. If you're describing the state of a thing, the word is "open". (Note that the opposite of the adjective "open" is "closed" so that's probably fairly confusing, but that's how it is.) Jul 18, 2023 at 13:58
  • All the following are correct: "Please open the door"; "Jerry opened the door"; "The door is open". "Please close the door"; "Jerry closed the door"; "The door is closed". Sorry about that. English is weird. Jul 18, 2023 at 14:07
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    Okay, that's fair, but you could also talk about an open box on the table, which would be the more common way to do that. Jul 18, 2023 at 14:28

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