I want to say that the well abstracted groundwater in the period, let's say, 2010 - 2020.

Should I say "...in the years 2010-2020..."? Or "...during 2010-2020..."?

Another Example:

I want to say the analysis was conducted for the dataset consisting of observations from 1950-2020.

Should I say "...the study used the data for the years..." or rather "the data from 1950 - 2020 was used..." ?

Another Example:

I want to say that mean water level during 1990-2010 equalled X.

Should I say "For the years ... mean water level equalled..." or maybe "In the years...." ?

edit: or maybe "Between 1990 and 2010...." / "From 1990 to 2010..."


  • All those versions would be acceptable; or between [the years] 2010 and 2020 Jul 19 at 11:50
  • I think you may mean that the well extracted water, or that the well was a source of water, but abstracted is definitely not the right word to use here.
    – stangdon
    Jul 19 at 12:14
  • Abstract can mean "to remove or separate someone or something from a place or context", but the well abstracted groundwater might be clearer as "the groundwater abstracted by wells" to disambiguate 'well noun' from 'well adverb'. Jul 19 at 12:17
  • 2
    @stangdon Groundwater abstraction is a normal term in hydrogeology, sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/…
    – crtnnn
    Jul 19 at 12:47
  • 1
    "the difference could be moot if the data both pertains to and was collected in the same interval. "-> Yes that's my case. "I would use words rather than hyphens: The "annual data from 2010 through 2020". Data "to 2020" can be interpreted to mean ending on Dec. 31, 2019." -> Wow, well I didn't think about it this way. I think I will go with "through" after your insight.
    – crtnnn
    Jul 20 at 16:46


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