When we use the present perfect, we are choosing to present the events described as having some particular relevance to the present. (Often we could also choose to present the same events without that, by using a different verbal construction).
Exactly what that relevance is, is not defined. Sometimes it is that the events are very recent. Sometimes the events refer to a state which is still continuing. Sometimes the speaker is choosing to refer to a period stretching from the events to the present. And there are other possibilities.
Only context and real-world knowledge can distinguish between these - and in the absence of context they may remain ambiguous.
Your questions are both about whether the second interpretation above ("the events refer to a state which is still continuing") is the right one.
And without context, the answer is always "it might be and it might not: we cannot tell".