Tyler went to buy groceries because he was running out of food. Robin went to buy groceries because he had run out of food.
Who is planning ahead? Why?
Answer was Tyler but I didn't understand this one
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Tyler was running out of food - 'was doing' is the past continuous tense which we use about actions and states in progress (happening) around a particular time in the past. The running out had started, was happening, and had not yet finished. Tyler realised this and went to buy more food. He planned ahead so that he would not be without food.
Robin did not plan ahead; he actually had no food when he went shopping.