From Mastering the National Admissions Test for Law by Mark Shepherd, page 181-182
Last para: Gruesome as we may fi nd the histories of formal dictatorships both of the left and of the right, however, it is to be doubted that the fear engendered by such regimes ever succeeded in percolating through to a visceral level as the totally unpredictable state-in-waiting, one that repudiates even the minimal codes of accountability that are, admittedly, often breached by the formal states. It is these that constitute the quasistates, often meticulously structured by shadowy corporations of power that mimic the formal state in all respects except three: the already noted lack of boundaries, the lack of government secretariats with identifi able ministries and, by extension, the responsibility of governance. The quasi- state, complete with a hierarchy of elites and its own monitoring – i.e. policing and enforcement – agencies, may indeed look to a future world order but, in the process, humanity is blatantly declared expendable, and the actualisation of that new order is limited to a close cabal, proliferating through warrens and cities, and contemptuous of boundaries. [Original source]
34 Which of the following canNOT be inferred to be a defi ning characteristic of a quasi-state?
(e) It is a state about to assume formal power
CORRECT. Reference is made to quasi- states contending for power and being states- in-waiting, but there is nothing in the passage to suggest that a quasistate has to be one that is actually about to assume formal power. It may have, or be about to, acquire power that is not formal in nature, may unsuccessfully seek to obtain formal power, or may simply seek to exercise similar infl uence and challenge the status quo without having any intention of ultimately seizing formal power.
Doesn't X-in-waiting = X that waits to become X? So a state-in-waiting must necessarily be waiting to become a state, which will hold power. Doesn't this truly suggest that ... assume formal power? I accept that the last sentence can be true, The operative word here is suggest, so the last sentence doesn't eliminiate (e).