The hurricane caused damage ......... at $300 million.

What I have chosen: is estimated

The answer should have been: estimated

Is estimated adjective, what type of adjective, or what parts of speech would be the case?

  • 1
    You would need 'damage which is (or has been) estimated...' to make sense. This meaning is implied by using estimated alone. Commented Sep 7, 2023 at 7:54
  • 1
    It may be grammatical to say "The hurricane-caused damage is estimated at $300 million", but this would be far more clunky and less natural than the presented alternative.
    – NotThatGuy
    Commented Sep 7, 2023 at 14:33
  • "You would need 'damage which is (or has been) estimated..." I am enlightened -Keep forgetting this...Thank you.
    – Han
    Commented Sep 14, 2023 at 23:38

2 Answers 2


"is estimated" would form a passive voice sentence, but what then would be the subject. The parts before "The hurricane caused damage" already has a finite verb.

If you use "is estimated" you get an expression with two main verbs.

Instead the (past/passive) participle "estimated" does fit in the gap.


The sentence fragment you give: The hurricane caused damage... has a subject (The hurricane) and a verb (caused) and an object (damage).

If you add a single hyphen: The hurricane-caused damage... changes the phrasing to a single subject (damage) and an adjective (hurricane-caused).

This might be what lead you to is estimated instead of the correct estimated answer.

  • Wov. That was definitely the case. I am impressed that you would be able to see it without my indication.
    – Han
    Commented Sep 14, 2023 at 23:35

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