Today I have come across an English sentence: "It is broken up into many independent countries warring over many issues". Note that there is no comma there. Since "warring" can be only adjective, if there is not the phrase "over many issues", I think the sentence must be: "It is broken up into many independent warring countries". So my question is that can we always use ellipsis like in the above sentence when we have an adjective phrase? If yes, is the sentence below OK? "These are beautiful girls attractive at first sight."

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    I'd say no, you can't do that in all contexts. Take "Parliament is composed of many independent parties promoting their own agendas. That certainly can't be reduced to ...many independent promoting parties. Nov 23, 2023 at 20:20
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    @Ng "warring" is used as an adjective, however it is created from the verb to war. It is a verb+ing form.
    – Billy Kerr
    Nov 23, 2023 at 20:57
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    @BillyKerr Yes, thanks a lot. This fools my questions. I checked both OALD and CALD and found that "war" is not a verb. But now, Merriam-Webster shows that "war" is also a verb. What great dictionaries!
    – Ng.
    Nov 23, 2023 at 21:11
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    Not all verbs can be used in all contexts, obviously. Democracies rarely war is grammatically valid, but would anyone ever say or write it? I think not. (Present company and context excepted, of course! :) Nov 23, 2023 at 21:14
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    The verb war isn't used as much today, it's somewhat obsolete, but you will still find it listed in good dictionaries, such as Merriam-Webster or the OED. And you will find it used in older literature - obsolete, but still understood. The verb is the origin of the -ing form.
    – Billy Kerr
    Nov 23, 2023 at 21:16


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