1.I know Who(m) you spoke to.

2.I know who(m) it was given to.

according to above noun clauses ,Can we move the preposition 'to' before 'whom'?

e.g:1.I know to whom you spoke.

2.I know to whom it was given .

  • 1
    @Amit I can't fathom using two prepositions in this construction. Otherwise, we could get "I know who you spoke to with," which I have never heard. – user6951 Sep 30 '14 at 14:52
  • 2
    Usually, the "to whom" versions of your examples would be considered to be the less desirable versions, or too formal sounding -- that is, the "to whom" versions would be more appropriate for the more formal styles and formal registers. The "who" versions would be considered to be neutral style, and also used in informal style. (Also, depending on the verb in the subordinate clause, sometimes the fronting of the preposition might be awkward or might not even be allowed.) – F.E. Sep 30 '14 at 19:13

Yes, you can move the preposition to before the who(m).

That is prefectly grammatical. In fact, many "grammarians" insist that putting to before the whom is the only correct way to write these sentences. So, more often the question is asked: Can we move the preposition to the end of the sentence? (For which answer, see here.)


  1. I know who(m) you spoke to.

  2. I know who(m) it was given to.

are perfectly natural. However, whom is old-fashioned and it is perfectly natural to use who instead, even in these sentences.


  1. I know to whom you spoke.

  2. I know to whom it was given.

are also correct. In fact, some grammarians and grammar books insist that the to must come before whom and not be moved to the end of the sentence. This rule, however, does not reflect actual English usage. Note also that the use of whom is also insisted upon by these same grammarians.

  • Is this sentence correct? 'We had a discussion about to whom You spoke.' – Dinusha Oct 1 '14 at 9:48
  • @Dinusha First, we don't capitalize pronouns in English, except perhaps when referring to God. Second, yes, that sentence would be grammatically correct, but (a) perhaps not one every "authority" on English would consider to be correct and (b) not one I would ever say. First, I rarely use whom. Second, I normally put prepositions at the end of a sentence, when it sounds natural. So: We had a discussion about who(m) you spoke to. Or spoke with. – user6951 Oct 1 '14 at 20:19

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