2

that which belongs to or is connected with her (Merriam-Webster’s Learner’s)

'Though ‘which’ can be replaced by ‘that’ in relative constructions' they say, when it is placed after ‘that’ I wonder if aforesaid can be applied as well?

2

No, that which cannot be replaced with that that:

that which belongs to or is connected with her
that *that belongs to or is connected with her

See The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language p.1053:

(d) That which and all who: obligatory wh

[63] i. That [which we so carefully created] he has wantonly destroyed.
    ii. All [who heard her speak] were deeply impressed by her sincerity.

The very formal that which ("what") cannot be replaced by either that that or that, and when pronominal all applies to people who is required (cf. *all that heard her speak).

This conflicts with a rule sometimes given by prescriptive grammarians (although many which-hunters describe this case as an exception). Geoff Pullum has written about this on Language Log.

| improve this answer | |
  • Thank you. Somehow the sounds, 'that that,' rattles not beautifully even on my, alien's, tongue. – Listenever Oct 3 '14 at 0:00
2

that which belongs to or is connected with her

The that in your example is not a relative pronoun but a demonstrative pronoun, meaning approximately "that thing", so it cannot be replaced by which, which has no demonstrative sense. You cannot paraphrase as

which that belongs to or is connected with her

which is not meaningful English.

Although relative that, demonstrative that, and subordinator that all derive historically from the same OE word, the neuter nominative/accusative determiner þæt, they are effectively different words today, having different relationships to other words in the lexicon.

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.