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Consider the sentence: "I have read the book you recommended." This statement clearly indicates that the action of reading the book is complete, yet it does not specify when this action occurred, only that it has relevance to the present moment.

Given this context, my question is: How does the use of the present perfect tense in such a statement influence the interpretation of the action's relevance to the present, compared to if the past simple tense were used? Furthermore, how does this usage impact the listener's understanding of the action's completion and its significance to the current discourse?

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"I have read the book you recommended." [at some unspecified moment in the past, as I know say this]

"I read the book you recommended." [implies you finished it at a specific time in the past even if not stated outrightly, last year, last week, two months ago].

This question has been answered multiple times in this forum so it is probably a duplicate.

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