If I have a verb that I want turned into a noun, should I use -al sufix or -ing?

Example: For verb "to archive", should it be "archiving" or "archival" ? Hence, should I say "Document archiving is exciting" or "Document archival is exciting"?



Firstly, archival is an adjective and not a noun.

In English, when a verb is turned into a noun, it generally takes the suffix -ing and it is called as a gerund. Dictionary.com defines it. Note that you can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.

That said,

Document archiving is exciting

seems okay.

Another easy example is...

Reading helps you improve your vocabulary.

Reading is a gerund there derived from the verb read.

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Using -al is not always going to turn the verb into a noun. Most of the times those words won't even exist in English. Meanwhile, if you use -ing form, it changes the verb to its noun form (gerund / verbal noun). So, it will be better to go with using "-ing".

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