Is it correct to abbreviate E-mail addresses to E-mails?
Is one more formal than the other?
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There seems to be some debate on this one, but I'd say that no, they are not the same thing, except sometimes.
An email, as CarSmack suggests, generally refers to an email message, whereas an email address is a specific, well, email address.
That said, people very frequently refer to email addresses as emails.
Yes, I have your email.
That, in almost every case, would mean I have your email address. I think I actually hear that more than I even hear "I have your email address." They're at least 50/50.
If I wanted to convey that I have an email message, I would say either of these:
Yes, I got your email.
Yes, I have your email open.
In those cases, most if not all of the time, people will know you're talking about messages.
That said, just to add some extra confusion:
You wrote down my email, right?
Yeah, I got it.
In that case, it could really mean either one. Either the asker is frivolously suggesting the recipient to copy an email down to paper, or they want to confirm that the other person wrote down their email address.
This is also present on many forms.
Take Outlook, even. Outlook is probably the most popular email client out there, and its contact management portion refers to addresses only as "email."
Nobody would read that and expect to copy in a full email message from someone.
So really, like many other caveats of the English language, it's just a matter of context. People virtually never say "email message" (I don't think I've ever heard that, actually), and call those "emails," but people can, based on context, refer either to addresses as "email addresses" or "emails." And I don't think it really has anything to do directly with formality. It might be more formal in some circumstances to make sure you're clear and avoid ambiguity, in which case "email address" might make more sense, but it's certainly nothing directly related to formality like, for instance, "y'all" versus "you all."
I would like to know if it is correct to abbreviate E-mail addresses to E-mails. Is one more formal than the other?
E-mail addresses and E-mails are two different things.
E-mails refer to the individual mail messages that are written and sent via electronic means. Your inbox probably has e-mails in it.
This is different from e-mail addresses, which are the "electronic" addresses I need to send people one or more e-mails. Your address book probably has e-mail addresses in it.
Therefore, E-mails is not an abbreviation for E-mail addresses.
Nothing is 100% (there are people that don't know better) but "Emails" in the plural is almost always referring to messages. You would never tell a group of people to "Give me your emails" if you wanted addresses. In the singular it is ambiguous. If you were telling them to fill ina form you might well say "include your email" but then it's clear from the context that address is what you want.