Are they both right? What are the similarities and differences? Also, what's this phenomenon called?
I exemplify with design as the noun, but please feel free to cite better examples.
The Queen of England if trusted as a friend may and will do what she will never contract or bargain to do or submit to be pressed to do. It is a tickle matter to provoke sove-reigns to determine their succession.
' Wherefore, good my Lords,' Cecil concluded, ' think hereof, and let not this your negotiation which is full of terms of friendship be converted into a bargain or pur-chase ; so as while in the outward face it appears a design to conciliate these two Queens and countries by a per-petual amity, in the unwrapping thereof there be not found any other intention but to compass at my Sove-reign's hands a kingdom and a crown, which if sought for may be sooner lost than gotten, and not being craved may be as soon offered as reason can require. (1564)
Source: p 29, A Letter from a Gentleman in Scotland to His Friend in England, ..., By Charles Leslie
Or would the Govern-ment of each Part of Great Britain he the more weak[e]ned, by giving an equal Capacity to all the QUEENS Subjects to Act for her Service, when Necessity shall require ? Otherwise it appears as a design to raise the Power of England, and to enlarge the Interest of it to our Disadvantage, by denying us the Privilege, which Reaon and Justice give us an equal Right to. (1708)