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When once more alone, I reviewed the information I had got; looked into my heart, examined its thoughts and feelings, and endeavoured to bring back with a strict hand such as had been straying through imagination’s boundless and trackless waste, into the safe fold of common sense. (Jane Eyre)

Is ‘such’ a pronoun, indicating ‘its thoughts and feelings’? Is ‘as’ a relative modifying ‘such’?

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I ... endeavoured to bring back ... such as had been straying

Is ‘such’ a pronoun, indicating ‘its thoughts and feelings’? Is ‘as’ a relative modifying ‘such’?

I think you've got it. This use of such as must be distinguished from its ordinary use to mean like or for example, where the phrase acts as a complex preposition.

This use of as as a relativizer is dying today in formal English, if not quite dead; it has generally been replaced by that. It probably lingers with such only because of the associated collocation such as. However, it is still employed in dialect; I have heard and read it in British dialogue, and in my own native dialect you very frequently heard things like That's something as I don't like to hear or Give it to them as have need of it.

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“Is ‘such’ a pronoun, indicating ‘its thoughts and feelings’?”

Yes, in part. The phrase “to bring back with a strict hand such as had been straying” means “to bring back with a strict hand those that had been straying”, so such does not refer to all of Jane's thoughts and feelings, but only those straying too far afield. In the equivalent “those that”, those is a determinerdemonstrative and that is a relative pronoun, and in “such as” similar roles are played, respectively.

† When I wrote determiner I was thinking of those as used in the less-elliptical phrasing “those thoughts and feelings that”, where (I think) it acts as a determiner. As StoneyB points out, in the phrase those that itself, those is a demonstrative pronoun.

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