A student rebellion that afternoon in Room 13 resulted in the new substitute teacher racing out of the building in tears.
1. What is a 'student rebellion'?
A student rebellion is when students decide not to recognise the authority of the teacher. They might be throwing bits of paper or shouting. They might be confronting the teacher or they might be ignoring the teacher completely. The important idea is that they do not recognise the authority of the teacher. They are behaving badly to show that they do not recognise the teacher's authority. Students often become attached to their normal teacher. When they get a new one they often don't like them, and don't think that they have any real authority.
2. I know 'substitute' is a verb, can it be an adjective?
Substitute can be a verb or a noun. We often use a noun to modify another noun. This is what is happening in the phrase substitute teacher. Here are some more examples:
- phone box, credit card, policeman, bus conductor
[It is not absolutely 100% clear whether substitute is a noun or adjective. Some dictionaries list it as an adjective. However, it doesn't behave like a normal adjective. We can't use it in comparative constructions for example:
- *This paper is less substitute. (wrong)]
3. What is the meaning of 'racing out of...'?
To race often means to go very fast. When people race cars or horses, and when people race each other, they move as fast as they can. We often use the word race in a figurative way. It just means go very fast!
4. Could you express this sentence in an easily understandable way?
The class behaved badly with the new teacher and s/he ran out of the school, crying.
Hope this is helpful!