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My former teacher had been teaching biology and on her own doing research in related field for ten years.
I wonder if the following sentences have the same meaning as the above sentence:
My former teacher had been involving in biology and related research for ten years.
My former teacher had been participating in biology and related research for ten years.
My former teacher had been taking part in biology and related research for ten years.

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    Unless you have a very good reason for using past perfect, don't. A natural phrasing might be My former teacher was involved in biology and related research for ten years (you could use took part in or participated in, there's nothing much to choose between any of them). – FumbleFingers Jan 7 '15 at 17:27
  • Thank you FumbleFingers. I can't work out the difference between "be involved in" and "involve in". – kitty Jan 10 '15 at 9:12
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    Syntactically, to be involved in [something] is like to be interested in it. Compare with, say, to be happy with it, and note that involved, interested, happy are all effectively adjectival usages. You can't say "I involved in research" for the same reason you can't say "I happy in my job". Neither of them include a true "verb" - you need something like I am involved, he seems interested, she feels happy, etc. – FumbleFingers Jan 10 '15 at 13:21
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In your examples, the use of "had been" leads me to ask "and then what?"

She had been doing X for 10 years [but now is doing Y].

If that's the intent, then your examples are missing the follow-on "Y".

If instead you only want to state a fact about her 10yrs in biology & leave it at that, then @FumbleFingers' comment above provides a correct usage:

(participated, took part, was involved).

As to the difference between verbs, there isn't much of one. To participate, to be involved (in/with), or to take part (in) are all essentially the same in this case.

The only note I'd make is your use of "involving" above, which is incorrect. It should be "had been involved in..."

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