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When someone is told to "bring a plate" to a picnic in Australia, does it literally mean just bring a plate? Or should they be bringing something else as well?

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The term "bring a plate" means that you bring some food along to the gathering to share with everyone. It doesn't have to be on a plate, it can be any dish - and in general it's food that is ready to eat straight away.

8

No. You do not want to turn up with just a plate - ie a piece of crockery.

Bring a plate is to bring a plate of food that can be eaten from said plate. This can be either a sweet food such as pikelets or chocolate crackles; or savoury, such as triangle sandwiches, potato salad etc.

Less common is to bring a large dish, such as quiche or salad that needs a bowl rather than a plate, and even less common is to bring something that would serve as an entire course, ie roast lamb with vegetables. Not entirely unknown, just less common.

As a meme, bring a plate arose as western social gatherings in Australia traditionally revolve around cartons of beer and meat being cooked on a barbecue with the occasional salad. Bringing a plate added some involvement for the womenfolk, and the food kept the kids from going hungry - allowing the men longer time to keep drinking. :-)

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    The same practices are followed in the US; the only difference is that we speak of bringing a dish rather than a plate. However, these days it's more usual to indicate that the dinner is potluck than to explictly demand that participants bring something. The exception is BYOB: "bring your own beer" (or "booze"). Jan 26 '13 at 20:56
  • Dish is also used more broadly to mean some sort of prepared food item: "Her duck confit was a very well-prepared dish."
    – BobRodes
    Aug 14 '13 at 21:45
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This is an example of synecdoche, a figure of speech which uses part of a thing to mean the thing itself. In this case the word plate (or, in other locales, the dish) means a plate of food.

Synecdoche is used frequently in English. This is equally true of other languages. That can create a challenge when learning a new language, because it is not easy to imagine all the ways a word might stand for a part of something else.

Synecdoche” at Wikipedia
Synecdoche” at Simple Wikipedia

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