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I have seen the following in the book "Vocabulary for High-School Students".

The book says the fact that the following has some relationship between each other. Nonetheless, I failed to get it.

  • exemption: privilege
  • reading: skill
  • shiftless: objective
  • callous: sympathy
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  • Please provide us with what explanation the book gives in support of their claim about it. Jan 10, 2015 at 17:00
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    Something similar in Skyfall (2012): Dr. Hall: "I'd like to start with some simple word associations. Just tell me the first word that pops into your head. For example, I say, Day and you might say..." Bond: "Wasted." Dr. Hall: "All right." Then they start a series of quick exchanges: Gun - Shot. Agent - Provocateur. Woman - Provocatrix. Heart - Target. Bird - Sky. M - Bitch. (M sighs) Sunlight - Swim. Moon - Dance. Murder - Employment. Country - England. Skyfall - (silence). Skyfall - (after a few seconds) Done. Jan 11, 2015 at 9:31
  • Considering the title of the book is ungrammatical (unless it's meant only for a few specific students), I wouldn't waste time taking advice from it.
    – The Photon
    Jan 11, 2015 at 16:36
  • Photon, what do you think the title should be?....or did OP already edit it? Jul 11, 2015 at 11:51
  • Did the book say there was some telationship, or the same relationship, or that only some of them (not all of them) had a relationship? This looks like some questions in the SAT, en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAT wherein they ask you to identify which pair does NOT have a relationship. Jul 11, 2015 at 12:07

1 Answer 1

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  1. Exemption: Privilege

If someone is exempted from paying for admission to a concert that could be considered a privilege.

  1. Reading: skill

Reading is considered to be a skill as it has to be learned. No one is born with this ability.

  1. Shiftless: objective

Someone who is shiftless has no plan in life and is usually considered lazy.

Someone who has an objective in life (or a plan) could be considered to be a person possessing characteristics that that are the OPPOSITE of a shiftless person.

  1. Callous: sympathy

If someone commits a callous act they are showing themselves to possess a characteristic that is the OPPOSITE of sympathy.

So, numbers 1 and 2 have CLOSE relationships in meaning and numbers 3 and 4 have OPPOSITE relationships in meaning.

I hope this helps you.

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    However, number three is different from all others; you can take "objective" as a noun as you did. Then the words on either side of the colon are not the same part of speech. And if you take "objective" as an adjective, its opposite would be "subjective", not "shiftless". The fourth has the same part-of-speech mismatch, but if you read "sympathy" as "sympathetic" it's an antonym of "callous. So if the question is: which pair is NOT a good analogy, I'd pick the third one. Jul 11, 2015 at 11:57

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