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I don't understand the difference between "be involved in" and "involve in" in the following sentences:

(1). My former teacher was involved in biology and related research for ten years.
(2). My former teacher involved in biology and related research for ten years.

  • "Was involved in and involved himself in" conveys the same sense, but I think it's not right to say that my former teacher involved in biology.... – Khan Jan 10 '15 at 11:16
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The second sentence is not grammatical.

When involved is used as a transitive verb, the subject is almost always an activity or a field of knowledge, never an animate noun.

Climbing mountains involves a lot of risk.

Proper exercise involves physical as well as mental discipline.

Does this job involve travel?

A person may only be involved in something. It's a non-specific way of signifying someone's participation in an activity.

He's been involved in the chess club for several years.

She's heavily involved in the church choir; she's at rehearsal 3 nights a week.

However, there are some cases where a person can be the subject or object of involve.

I want to involve Tom in my plan to rob the bank.

Now Tom is involved in the bank robbery.

Involved with signifies a personal relationship, usually - but not always - romantic.

How long have they been involved?

She's been involved with him for three years.

I don't like the group of friends he's involved with.

  • "When involved is used as a transitive verb" 1) Can you list the situations where 'involved' is used as an intransitive verb? 2) "A person may only be involved in something" really? What about "involve oneself"? – user11470 Jan 10 '15 at 13:31
  • oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/american_english/… Parents should involve themselves in their child's education – user11470 Jan 10 '15 at 13:33
  • I'm sorry, you're correct that it's a transitive verb. I should have said active or passive voice. "to be involved in" is passive, and "to involve" is active. I think most English speakers tend to use it in the passive form, which makes it easy to forget that it's actually a transitive verb. – oaker Jan 10 '15 at 13:36

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