Let's say that I want to express that although all the conditions were there for something to happen, it didn't happen.

Is it correct, in order to emphasize the contradiction, to write a repetition of although like this:

Although [reason 1], although [reason 2], and although [reason 3], this thing didn't happen.

Thank you.

  • 1
    You're enumerating the reasons here; the second and third although is not necessary. If this thing should have happened with a very high probability given the three reasons, you can emphasize it with a carefully placed even between and and [reason 3], so it becomes Although [reason 1], [reason2] and even [reason 3], this thing didn't happen (the verb happen remains in present tense form as didn't already tells you the sentence is in past tense). You can also use despite in place of although in such contexts. Jan 27, 2015 at 8:40

2 Answers 2


I don't know if it breaks any actual grammatical rules, but an English speaker would never say this. Only the first 'although' is needed:

Although the roads were clear, the weather was good, and he set off an hour early, John was still late for work.

If there are two sets of reasons caused by different things, you could break up the second group with 'and though':

Although John's car was clean, well kept, and fast; and though the roads were clear, clean, and wide, John was still late for work.

The first group of conditions are why his car should be able to get him there, and the second set of conditions are why the roads shouldn't have slowed him down.


It is correct. The name for this rhetorical device is "anaphora".

  • 1
    A little more elaboration on why and when you would use anaphora might be helpful. One of the more famous usages from A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens might help illustrate. "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, ..."
    – ColleenV
    Jan 27, 2015 at 21:06

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .