I would love to hear in which way curious means either "interested" or "interesting/peculiar". I never know whether I am curious or curious. This related question adds some other words into the mix, nevertheless it doesn't provide any other answer than "yes it is possible". I am just interested in how sentence structure influences the understanding of curious for native speakers. For the sake of clarity I will talk about definition A (curious=inquisitive) and definition B (curious=peculiar).
Definition A: I am/You are curious = I am/You are inquisitive/interested.
Definition B: I am/You are curious = I am/You are peculiar/interesting/odd.
I am quite a bit irritated by the ambiguity of it, when no context is given. This is mainly due to the fact that in German, as opposed to English, the word "kurios" is only used for "peculiar". (We have other words for curious in the sense of "inquisitive"; "neugierig~new-greedy"). It is thus innate to me to use "curious" as in "peculiar". Should I pay no heed to this or is it wiser to use "peculiar" instead? And to expand upon this; is "curious" (def. B) rather positively connoted compared to "peculiar"?
The problem is that it seems definition A is much more commonly used in english (likely due to a lack of a synonym fitting to 100% in it's place[?]). This seems to be the case espacially if copula constructions are used.
I found these examples for the use of curious on Merriam-Webster, all of which use definition A in copula constructions, e.g:
The cat was naturally curious about its new surroundings.
They were curious to find out who won the game.
We're curious about why you never called us.
I'm curious to know more about her.
While all examples in which "curious" was used as an adjective were true to the second definition:
She found a curious old clock in the attic.
The birds were engaged in some curious behavior.
Their music is a curious blend of disco and rock.
By a curious coincidence, they bought a house the same day their old one burned down.
Nevertheless using "curious" as an adjective/modifier in coherence with definition A seems rather usual and I would never doubt it is. Neither would TFD which gives these examples for definition A:
"curious investigators; a trapdoor that made me curious."
However, the only example which I found for the use of definition b in a copula construction was with the pronoun "it", which itself signifies that "inquisitive" is not what was meant:
"It was curious that she didn't tell anyone." (OLD)
Would a native speaker never say "You are curious" in order to express that someone is peculiar/interesting? Or should one, as a rule of thumb, just try to avoid copula constructions if using this meaning? I.e. "Curious you!"; would this be interpreted in the desired way if lacking context?
I become even more uncertain if it comes to nominalisation. Since the German language is my mother tounge I am inclined to use curiosity(/GER:Kuriosität) only to describe that which is of interest and curiousness only as the active attitude of being inquisitive/interested. Is this correct? M-W and TFD agree with me on the use of "curiousness" but both use def. A and B for "curiosity". How do you normally differentiate?
"J.R.", seems to have a view on this too as he wrote in his answer to this related but different question:
Lastly, it's worth pointing out that this doesn't sound natural at all:
"We are all here to discuss our curiosities about learning English."
I think you mean to say something like one of these:
We are all here to discuss how we are curious about learning English.
We are all here to discuss our curiosity with the English language.
But what about this?
"We are all here to discuss our curiousness about learning English."
Furthermore I think the etimology of curious is interesting since this site etymonline links it to the Latin "cura" for "care". Does that mean the two definitions are linked by this logic: "if you are curious you will create curious curiosities that other people will be curious about?". Respectively: "If you are carefull you will create curiosities that others care about?". Anyone who knows more/can affirm?
Anyhow, excuse my curiousness or curiosity. I know it isn't the most intriguing question yet I am curious and it is rather curious to me. Thanks!