I am a bit confused about whether "grammar" is an indirect object or a noun. What is the word class of this word

My students rightly expect me to research my grammar before I deliver the lesson.

My = adjective
rightly = adverb

me = object

to= preposition
research = verb
grammar = ??????
deliver = verb
the = definite article

  • 3
    It's an object of "research" – CowperKettle Feb 11 '15 at 20:32
  • 1
    Also, referring to the to before research as an infinitive marker would be better than referring to it as a preposition. – Damkerng T. Feb 11 '15 at 20:39
  • @DamkerngT. - or "infinitival subordinator", per Huddleston and Pullum, or even "infinitival verb phrase subordinator", but this is jargon which a learner could or should be spared from. (0: – CowperKettle Feb 11 '15 at 20:40
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    @CopperKettle My favorite term is actually particle. In any case, I think it's useful (for most learners) to know when "to" is a preposition and when it is the infinitive marker. – Damkerng T. Feb 11 '15 at 20:58
  • As to the meaning of "to research my grammar" I'm a bit astonished. I would expect that a teacher who gives grammar lessons knows his grammar. A bit funny if such a teacher has to study his grammar before he begins a lesson. – rogermue Feb 12 '15 at 4:40

"Grammar" is the direct object of the verb "research". It's also a noun.

(Subjects, direct objects, and indirect objects are almost always nouns.)

  • and what do you think about my answers ? are they correct? – Safi Moussa Feb 11 '15 at 21:16
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    They're all correct. Note that "me" is the object of "expect", but it's also a pronoun. – Stephen Dunscombe Feb 11 '15 at 21:25
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    There are two different ways to look at each word: its part of speech, and its syntactic role. Part of speech means what kind of word it is, regardless of what sentence you use it in: "grammar" will be a noun in every sentence. Syntactic role means what the word is doing in a particular sentence: "grammar" can be the subject ("Grammar is fun."), the direct object ("I hate grammar."), or part of a prepositional phrase ("The Internet taught me about grammar.") – Stephen Dunscombe Feb 11 '15 at 21:28
  • Note that some words can have more than one part of speech. For example, "access" was originally a noun, meaning "the ability to get to something". "I can't reach this server. I don't have access." However, we've also borrowed it to use it as a verb: "I can't access the server." – Stephen Dunscombe Feb 11 '15 at 21:30

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