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I work as a Dr.

I am a Dr.

I am wondering if the two mean the same thing as well as whether the former is ambiguous.

Please fell free to ask me any question so as to specify the question.

Any comment or feedback would be highly appreciated

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    Well to me the first one is not ambiguous. And the two doesn't mean the same. Let's create a context; it'll be helpful for understanding. Mrs A is a nurse in a government hospital. She is not a doctor, but she has some idea about which medicine to be prescribed at what symptoms. In the evening, when she is back from work, she helps the poor by prescribing medicine for their ailment. see, Mrs A is not a doctor, but she work as a doctor. – Man_From_India Mar 5 '15 at 13:16
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    If your Mrs A did that in other countries, she would find herself in court in a jiffy. For non-academic examples, this might work. – Stephie Mar 5 '15 at 13:28
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    @Stephie True :-) – Man_From_India Mar 5 '15 at 13:31
  • Thanks all. Nonetheless, alas, the answers failed to throw a comprehensive light on my ask. – nima Mar 5 '15 at 14:54
  • @nima In that case I have to take this approach :-P well, what do you think the meaning of as is in your first sentence? And what parts-of-speech? – Man_From_India Mar 5 '15 at 16:01
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Because "Dr." is a very special case, let's change your example to "cook".
(I'll explain the special case with doctors later.)

I work as a chef (=cook).

This phrase focuses on what the speaker does for a living. He may or may not have special training. You may assume that he was also trained as a chef if the dish served is excellent, but have no hint that this is the case, grammar-wise or liguistically.

I am a chef.

This may have different meanings, but mostly refers to how this person sees himself. It may mean that he was trained or that he works as a chef, but it may also mean that he cooks with passion. He may earn his living by cooking or not, this is unrelated.

Two examples that should clarify the difference:

I am a mother.
-> Obviously that is "who I am" not "how I earn my living".

I was trained as a chef, I worked as a cashier at the grocery store, as a mailman and as a bartender, but I am actually an artist.
-> all three varieties mashed in one example ^_^

So, in short: "working as" and "being" is very difficult to compare, because they focus on different aspects of life.
That said, choosing one version over the other in a professional context tells a lot about the speakers attitude and passion towards his job. I would always

  • expect an artist, actor or medical doctor to say "I am",
  • hope for a teacher, nurse or police officer to say so
  • and be surprised if the girl at McDonald's or the pizza boy did.

Now about the "doctor" example:

Colloquially, for most people a "doctor" is someone who studied medicine and treats patients. For these doctors - let's call them by the precise term medical doctor or M.D., there are legal restrictions as to what training is mandatory before they may call temselves "doctor" and treat patients. So the distinction I explained in the main part of this post doesn't exist and the terms could be used interchangeably. I would strongly hope that the person I entrust with my health would use the "I am", though.

Also, note that most medical doctors do not work as "doctors" but as "general practitioners" or are specialized and therefore call themselves "pediatrician", "ophthalmologist", "gynecologist", "gastroenterologist",...

And, finally, note that there are many more that hold a doctorate degree, but may know less about medicine than you or me, but a lot more about chemistry, biology, astrophysics, psychology, the law or other fields of academic studies. They are doctors, too.

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  • Great answer! I would add: 1) people who are medical doctors or academic doctors generally are aware of the confusion that this may cause (and the law that could get them in trouble) that they will specifically state which one they are- either a PhD or an MD, if it is not already clear through context. (This fact is an ongoing cultural joke in North America.) and 2) there is an equivalent to "work as a doctor"- a "practicing doctor", as opposed to a "retired doctor". You can add a variety of modifiers to 'doctor' to denote various fields, states (as in "condition"), or type. – Gary Mar 5 '15 at 23:24

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