an eloquent delicate female voice
can I string these together without using "and"?
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The answer depends on whether your adjectives are cumulative or coordinating to the noun they modify.
As constructed, your sentence is:
"She had an eloquent delicate female voice."
This sentence has a cumulative structure of adjectives. The adjective closest to the noun works with it as a unit and all the other adjectives are cumulative to that unit. The adjectives do not separately modify the noun and their positions are not interchangeable.
On the other hand:
"She had an eloquent delicate silvery voice."
This sentence has a coordinating structure of adjectives. Each separately modifies the noun. You may also be able to rearrange the order of the adjectives with no difficulty (except in the case where the order is logically fixed and the change conforms to articles and determiners). You can also test this by putting a hypothetical conjunction between the last two adjectives to test this. The sentence, in formal writing, would need commas:
"She had an eloquent, delicate, and silvery voice."
One note about commas: you may not need the last comma [between delicate and silvery] if it is clear that those two adjectives are not intended to act as a unit. For example:
"She had an eloquent, delicate, powerful and far-reaching voice."
Keep in mind that the above only apply to formal writing. In creative writing modes, none of this may apply and the writer generally has more freedom in respect to the adherence of grammar conventions. You could skip commas altogether and even add the same, or different, conjunctions between each modifier if you wished.
Yes, you can, although I would probably insert a comma like that:
an eloquent, delicate female voice
But back to your general question - yes, you can string adjectives without having to connect them with "and". It will depend on the context which alternative sounds better. Also, don't overdo it, unless you're seeking comedic effect:
I live in an old, brown, creaky, dusty, god-forsaken building.