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So today we're here to talk about the two second rule. And what the two second rule is, is a way of you to know whether or not you've got proper distance between yourself and the vehicle that is traveling ahead of you. And what you do with the two second rule is you pick a standing object on the roadway. So let's say you're going to pick a tree, which might be right here. Or an overhead sign. And what you do is, you watch the car ahead of you. And when the car ahead of you becomes even with that object, whether it be that tree or that overhead sign, at that point you start to count to yourself to two seconds.

I need to explain this to someone who is a beginner and does not know the grammar use of that. A simplified equivalent I need.

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    The entire text is full of errors, but specifically addressing let's say you're going to pick a tree - first, discard "let's say" (it's not appropriate, because you're recommending an action, not postulating a hypothetical scenario). Second, "you're going to" could just as easily be in Simple Present rather than "future", but really it adds nothing to the meaning anyway, so you might as well discard that too. Discard "you" in imperatives, giving "So pick a tree, which might be right here". That's quite a bit simpler, and means exactly the same without having any obvious "errors". – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica Mar 13 '15 at 20:52
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    This reads like a transcription from spoken English. Is it? There's tons of meaningless stuff here that's usually introduced by thinking and talking at the same time. FumbleFingers is right - none of that noise is necessary. "Pick a tree or an overhead sign." is much clearer. – Doug Chase Mar 13 '15 at 21:19
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The phrase "you're going to" has two meanings that I can think of:

  1. The first is that you are going to a location in the future, or currently are going:

"You're going to the fair? Me too!"

  1. The second is that you are about to do something in the future:

"You're going to eat an apple."

As with lots of things in the English language, it depends on the context. Consider if the speaker is talking about a location, or an action.

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