"He likes sleeping."

This is a simple present tense but my question is sleeping act as a object in it ?If not then why verb is with ing (I know it is gerund).

Because as far as I know sleep is a verb.

And simple present tense structure is like Sub + verb (s or es) +object.

Sorry,If I used bad english.(I am beginner).


You answered your own question!

gerund: a word ending in "-ing" that is made from a verb and used like a noun

So, here take the verb 'sleep'. Add -ing', it becomes 'sleeping' which is a gerund used like a noun.

What does he like? ~ sleeping (noun)

Such gerunds are used when we are talking about the action as a habit/choice/hobby etc. If we use a normal tense verb, it may mean a single time event (as in he likes to sleep (when he's traveling by train)).

But if we say, he likes sleeping, we are mostly talking about his habit/preference.

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  • 1
    You know what you are awesome :) Thanks a lot Maulik :-) – squiroid Mar 16 '15 at 9:39
  • 1
    I think looking forward to + gerund is quite the same case. – András Hummer Mar 16 '15 at 11:21

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