So I have been confused with the use of the definite article when I write.
Here is an example from one of the English tests
Some people believe that there should be fixed punishments for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that
the circumstances of an individual crime, and
the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on
Let me explain why this is confusing me. First, I think the article should not be used because those
motivation are general. it refers to circumstances of every individual crime. Those circumstances were not mentioned before and not unique. They can be any circumstances. Also, motivation does not sound unique either as well as
Why do they have the article? shouldn't they just be used without 'the'?