The meaning you're used to is one of the common meanings of "go along with". The other common meaning is the one in the sentence you've asked about.
All that's being said is that the player has both an ugly jump shot and jokes. "To go along with" is simply indicating that the two things are associated.
In this case, they are primarily associated because they are both had by one person. There's also an implied association, in that the jump shot is ugly and disliked by the speaker, which implies that the jokes are ugly and disliked as well.
Most dictionaries don't do a great job defining idioms, and I had to look around a bit to find this reference, which might help.
The closest meanings there are 5, 6, and 7:
5) To be in accord with something.
6) To combine with some set so that a balanced or harmonious result is achieved.
7) To be a secondary effect of something.
But, I actually find better references by looking up the key word: along  
In your example sentence, 'along' is an adverb modifying 'go'. Merriam-Webster's definition 3b is useful:
3b : in association — used with with: work along with colleagues
as is Wiktionary's definition 1:
- In company; together.
I am going to the store. Do you want to come along?