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Societies are based on laws.In past, before laws took hold in the human communities, there was no society.

Furthermore can we say :

In past, before laws take hold in the human communities, there was no society.

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    The article is required in in the past, but idiomatically unacceptable in in the communities. Your second example must be took hold (past tense) because obviously you're talking about the past. Concentrate on basic tense and article usage before you start looking at phrasal verbs like to take hold. Commented Apr 25, 2015 at 12:46

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According to Cambridge Dictionary of American Idioms take hold means:

to become established.

As such, your sentence reads:

In the past, before laws became established in human communities, there was no society.

Regarding your example:

In the past, before laws take hold in human communities, there was no society.

You cannot use present tense next to the word past which requires a past tense. Furthermore, putting present tense as taking place before past tense (there was no society) makes no sense.

Also, as Fumble Fingers points out in his comment you must take care of the use of the definite article the.

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