2

Neither he nor his friends were/was present at the party?

Which would come here?

1

As said in this answer for "Neither Michael nor Albert is correct" or "Neither Michael nor Albert are correct"?, in that case you should use were because "his friends," which is closer to the verb, is plural.
You should use were even if the sentence started with "neither her friends nor his friends."

Clearly, if the sentence contained "one of his friends" instead of "his friends," you should have used was ("neither he nor one of his friends was").

2

You should use "were" in this type of sentence.

Side notes:

-spelling error: should be "Neither"

-change "present in the party" to "present at the party"

0

The conventional rule is that when you have a construction like "A or B" or "A nor B" followed by a verb, the number of the verb should match the LAST thing in the list.

Either Bob or the Baxter twins are ...

Either the Baxter twins or Bob is ...

Neither Bob nor the Baxter twins are ...

Neither the Baxter twins nor Bob is ...

When there's an "and", it should always be followed by a plural, because we now have at least two things.

Both the Baxter twins and Bob are ...

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