"A doubt had raised in the mind of passenger because of some sound, before he ask to stop the bus"
Is above sentence construction is correct? Is it correct to use a doubt was raised in above sentence?
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Raise is a transitive verb, requiring a Direct Object, so A doubt had raised won't work. You could use the related intransitive arose:
A doubt arose in the passenger's mind . . .
Passive A doubt was raised is acceptable grammatically, but it doesn't fit well with your because phrase: the Agent, the entity which performs the act, is usually indicated with a by phrase in the passive:
A doubt was raised . . . by some sound . . .
Me, I'd cast it in the active voice:
Some sound raised a doubt in the passenger's mind . . .