Example with a context (Did A UFO 'Not Made By Man' Hover Over Chile?):

The story unfolds in April 2013 when two photos emerge of an unusual disc-shaped object (seen below with close-up insert) over the Collahuasi copper mine in northern Chile. Several eyewitnesses watched as the UFO remained in the sky for over an hour, moving around and hovering.

Isn't there supposed to be an indefinite article in front of close-up insert? Did the author make a mistake or is this absolutely normal? What do you think?

  • I'd call it a reporterese ellipsis. May 14, 2015 at 8:56

1 Answer 1


... (seen below with close-up insert)

This section is in brackets. The reason is, this is not part of the story. It is like an instruction explaining where to find the picture, and what the picture is about. The style of language inside the brackets is different from the style of language outside.

When we are giving written instructions, or writing titles for pictures, for example, we sometimes leave out some grammar words. For example, we might leave out the verb be. Or we might leave out article like a, or the. The language inside the brackets is using this style.

  • 1
    @Cookie monster: If you're learning American English, the things Auraucaria calls "brackets" are parentheses (. . . ). In America, brackets refers either to square brackets [. . . ], _angle brackets <. . . >, or curly brackets {. . .}, the latter sometimes called (curly) braces. May 14, 2015 at 11:23

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