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Having done my homework I will go home.

What does having mean in this sentence?

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    The cited construction is common (though a little formal) in the past tense (Having done my work I went home), but much less likely in relation to future events, where most people would say After I have done A, I will do B (or I'll do B once I've done A, etc.). – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica May 23 '15 at 16:01
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The word 'having' in this sentence means that I have done my homework, therefore I can carry out the specified action (go home).

Having done/Having finished is an example of a perfect participle, indicating you have completed the past action, and can carry out the second action.

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Have can be either a main verb (with several meanings, one of them is to posses something) or an auxiliary verb which is the case here. It doesn't have any meaning on its own; it is a part of grammatical construction called the perfect participle.

This construction is built with have in the -ing form + past participle. It is used to show that the first action was completed before the second.


At first I thought that it would sound more natural if the perfect participle was used with another clause in the past (not future) but I found this example published by University of Chicago Press (which I assume is a reputable publisher) and some other examples so I stand corrected.

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Having done is the perfect participle and indicates a completed action.

You did your homework and now you will go home.

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