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Would you please elaborate the difference between them?

1.The himalayas are such high mountains that no pilot wants to fly over them.

2.The himalayas are so high mountains that no pilot wants to fly over them.

Thanks

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    In your example the use of so is incorrect, only such can go. – Lucian Sava May 30 '15 at 10:43
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1.The Himalayas are such high mountains that no pilot wants to fly over them.

OK.

2.The Himalayas are so high mountains that no pilot wants to fly over them.

Now it's OK.

P.S.

Mount Everest is so high a mountain that no pilot wants to fly over it.

That, too, is OK.

and this is OK too:

Mount Everest is a mountain so high that no pilot wants to fly over it.

ngram

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I don't think that so and such can ever be interchangeable. You can say:

The himalayas are such high mountains that no pilot wants to fly over them.

or without a noun following the adjective:

The himalayas are so high that no pilot wants to fly over them.

or

The himalayas mountains are so high that no pilot wants to fly over them.

This said, according to the sentence's pattern you can use either such or so.

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So normally acts as an adverbial that modifies adjectives or adverbs. Such modifies nouns or noun phrases. They are used in combination with that to express extremes. So in this case, so modifies high while such modifies high mountains, but the meaning between the two sentences is next to none.

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