According to Oxford Dictionary, environs is "the area surrounding a place". I am writing a text about Barsian - a small city which is located around Isfahan. Can I write Barsian is located in Isfahan environs? Is in the correct preposition here?

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    Personally, and I know this may not help, I find it a very un-useful word and I avoid it. "Barsian is located in the vicinity of Isfahan" sounds much better to me. – Catija May 31 '15 at 15:59
  • @Catija "Vicinity" is a great word but to me it suggests "close to" or "nearby" whereas from Wikipedia I believe that Isfahan is a (large) province that contains Barsian. Hence I would prefer to say "Barsian is located in the province of Isfahan" (or "... located within the ..."). Suppose the town Wxyz is in a province adjacent to Isfahan and close to their shared border, then I would happily say "Wxyz is located in the vicinity of Isfahan". I agree with your comment on "environs". – AdrianHHH Jun 1 '15 at 9:41

To me the word "environs" suggests an area close to a town.

My first alternative thought on wording was "Barsian is located in in the suburbs of (the town or city of) Isfahan", but then Wikipedia told me that Isfahan is a province of Iran and that Barsian is a village. So I think correct phrases would include:

Barsian is located in in the province of Isfahan

Barsian is located in in the Isfahan province

The Isfahan province contains Barsian

The Isfahan province contains the Barsian village

The Isfahan province contains the village of Barsian

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I don't think you found this definition of environ because your definition describes it as a noun whereas environ is a verb that means:

surround, enclose.

Perhaps you confused it with environment.

On the other hand I don't know anything about those cities, Isfahan and Barsian. But if Bastian surrounds or encloses Isfahan you can write:

Barsian environs (or surrounds or encloses) Isfahan.

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  • 'Environs' is a perfectly good plural noun - loads of dictionaries include it. – ssav Jun 1 '15 at 9:23
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    @ssav, To err is human. – Lucian Sava Jun 1 '15 at 9:51

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